3. 1. Home Invasion How it began Russian-Turkish invasion at the end of XIII - beginning of XIV century, that is, just at the moment when, according to our reconstruction, begins to take shape Horde-Rus in indissoluble unity with the Turkish Atamans? We use the book NA Kazakova "Western Europe in Russian literature XV-XVI centuries".  NA Kazakova reports: The state of the Ottoman Turks (Otoman - Atamans - auth.), Emerged in Asia Minor at the end of the XIII century, very soon evolve into a strong power in the Middle East.. Turks spread their power, not only in Asia Minor and the Balkans. For Orhan, son of the founder of the Ottoman Empire Osman (ie Otomana - Ataman - auth.), In 1354, captured the European shore of the Dardanelles. The heir Orhan Sultan Murad I conquered Thrace, and in 1356 moved his capital to Adrianople. The Turks were in close proximity to Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire. At the end of the XIV century - continues Kazakov - Turks became tributaries of Serbia, Bulgaria, Wallachia. The onset of the Turks in the Balkans has been temporarily suspended at the beginning of the XV century. as a result of the blow dealt to the Turks Timur (apparently, it was a civil war within the "Mongol", ie the Great empire, see  -. Ed.), but it was resumed with renewed vigor under Sultan Murad II (1421-1451) . In 1422 Murad II besieged Constantinople, though unsuccessfully. But in the court of the Byzantine Emperor John VIII Palaeologus well aware that the lifting of the siege of Constantinople - a temporary respite and that if Byzantium not get help from outside, its days are numbered.  p.7.