In 1934 it began rearmament of the army and the establishment of the Luftwaffe. Initially, these measures were carried out in secret, that is, they are not officially declared. However, to prevent other countries to learn about what is going on, it was impossible. All this talk about the "secret" arming Germany - pure bluff. "Secret" may remain with the modern means of transport and communication such broad measures did not. Army primarily laid the foundation for the twenty-four divisions and the beginning of the mechanization of the cavalry. Army Directorate found that the increase in troops will be three times the maximum that is possible with the available personnel. Hitler, however, and went on March 16, 1935 took a decisive step, again announcing the introduction of universal conscription, and also said that in the future, the ultimate strength of the army will consist of thirty-six divisions. The Luftwaffe had to be created anew, as the third component of the Wehrmacht. It began a hasty and therefore uncoordinated construction of the army. Army Directorate feared that due to the excessive haste army base will be destroyed. Everything had to be done under the highest pressure. Neither the construction of barracks or, more importantly, training of new officers could not be carried out steadily and systematically. The high command of the army believed it would be wiser to fill in the existing backbone of the twenty-four divisions, rather than create new divisions, tearing apart the existing units.