Originally published in 1910 as a section of the author’s larger “Side Lights on American History,” this Kindle edition, equivalent in length to a physical book of approximately 30 pages, tells the story of the drafting of the U.S. Constitution-- the basic written set of principles of the federal government of the United States.
I. Condition of the Country After the Revolution
II. Defects in the Articles of Confederation
III. Quarrels of the States
IV. The Annapolis Convention
V. The Constitutional Convention
VI. The Three Great Compromises
VII. The Constitution Before the People
When the convention had decided that the new Government should consist of three coordinate branches, an Executive, a Judicial, and a Legislative, and that the national legislature should consist of two houses, a dispute arose between the large and small States. The large States claimed that each State should be represented in Congress according to population; while the small States demanded that all be equally represented, regardless of size and importance, as under the Articles of Confederation. Long and fierce were the debates on this subject, each side avowing that it would not yield. Two or three times the convention was on the verge of breaking up, when at length they struck a compromise, called the Connecticut Compromise because [it was] introduced by the delegates from that State. By this agreement it was decided that in the Lower House of Congress the representation should be according to population, while in the Upper House, or Senate, the States should be equally represented.
About the Author:
Henry William Elson (1857-1935) was a professor of history at Ohio State University. Other works include “History of the United States of America” and “Four Great American Presidents.”