Well knowing the consequences of the atmosphere, some intellectuals sought to stop the flywheel, is gaining momentum. Such an attempt was made by Ilya Ehrenburg, who achieved publication in "Pravda" his article "On the one letter." In it, trying to ward off the threat hanging over the whole nation, he wrote: "Obscurantists long invent stories, wanting to present the Jews some special beings, different from the people around them. Obscurantists said that Jews living separate and isolated life, without sharing the joys and sorrows of the people among whom they live; bigots claimed that the Jews - a people deprived of a sense of homeland, eternal tumbleweed; obscurantists have sworn that the Jews of various countries united together by some mysterious connection. " The paradox was that Ehrenburg, calling to mind, sought protection to those who in fact is the main organizer of the anti-Semitic campaign of the late 40's - early 50-ies.