Formation of a mystery religion We have seen that at the dawn of the Christian era, along with a lot of fines, there were two competing forms of Christianity and that there is no clear evidence which of them appeared first. Both claim to a leading role and sought to strengthen its position with the help of their own collections from the rich collection of oral and written traditions of the period. Literalist for, which was to become Catholicism prevailed and achieved the favor of the Emperor Constantine. Gnosticism, with its idea of ??individual revelation and dualistic worldview was defeated and was declared a heresy.