Kirill Korolev CHAPTER 1 From early Paleolithic to the Shang (700 000 -. 1750 BC.). For its size, China is close to a continent - it is only a little less European and more of the United States. The northern part of the country, located in a semi-arid climate zone, characterized by hot summers and cold winters, which bring with them snow. On the green, rainy south, in the subtropical zone, even in the coldest winter snows rarely. The three major river systems, stretching from east to west, is marked on the map of the area, adding to nimesche and the central region in the north - the Yellow River (which has ten times changed its course to the sea); in the center - the Yangtze River and to the south - Xi. On this territory there are hills and mountain ranges, deserts and fertile plains, forests, jungles, canyons, countless rivers and lakes. The ancestors of the great apes, human ancestors and, as suggested by many proofs of their common ancestors of more than two million years left on this earth their bones. In fact, based on the discoveries made in southern China in 1983, some scientists have suggested that our early ancestors were just here, but not in Africa about ten million years ago.