China - a definite socio-political and cultural phenomenon in human history. No other civilization which would differ same resistance to all its stunning crisis and would have, in the words of the modern Chinese poet, "an updated, but the same." Loyalty to tradition - Tradition as preferred writing Rene Guenon - is manifested in China throughout, including in the ideology that still defines the Chinese view of the world. To paraphrase domestic Sinologist VV Malyavina, which talks about the Chinese civilization, we can say that the Chinese ideology allows a person to return again and again to the origins of humanity itself, because focused on the "cardiac machinery". And in this - the secret of its amazing longevity.