During the soviet period, the government's policy could be best described as the "socialization of the family" which called for shifting many family responsibilities to public institutions. According to the author, that policy caused estrangement between parents and their children and was responsible for other changes in traditional family functions. Based on numerous sociological studies and statistical data, the author analyzes the state of the Russian family and discusses factors which contributed greatly to its crisis. He concludes that the state failed to "socialize the family" and offers to reformulate and reexamine the state's family policy. Summary in English. Iu. Gasparian is the author of several monographs on the subject.